Segmenting is when we take a word and are able to identify the individual sounds in it. It is the opposite of blending words together as we do when speaking normally. Segmenting is a vital skill to enable students to spell correctly without relying on rote memorization.
At I Can Read we start teaching this skill to our students in our Thinking and Creative Skills class by helping students to identify the first, middle and last sounds in words and giving them the skills to be able to access all sounds in words independently. This ensures that students learn to spell by accessing the sounds in the word, rather than simply remembering letter patterns. This is important as it means students will be able to spell new and unknown words, which helps to widen their vocabulary.
When starting to learn segmenting, we introduce short and simple words to aid the students in being able to say the sounds, such as C-A-T (cat) and D-O-G (dog). Gradually, we introduce a wider range of sounds to the students using more complex words. By using this method, it also enables the students to be able to recognise the sounds when listening to a word as well as reading it. Once they have learnt these patterns in their lessons they can apply them with regular reading and spelling.
In class, we use tools such as classroom games and spelling exercises to help students in their development of segmenting alongside other skills. Once they have learnt how to segment words they will find it much easier to spell as they can break down longer words in their head into individual sounds and then write these on paper. Often students will self-correct any mistakes when they become more confident in using this method.
I Can Read Viet Nam